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mastodon/app/models/user.rb

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# frozen_string_literal: true
# == Schema Information
#
# Table name: users
#
# id :bigint(8) not null, primary key
# email :string default(""), not null
# created_at :datetime not null
# updated_at :datetime not null
# encrypted_password :string default(""), not null
# reset_password_token :string
# reset_password_sent_at :datetime
# sign_in_count :integer default(0), not null
# current_sign_in_at :datetime
# last_sign_in_at :datetime
# admin :boolean default(FALSE), not null
# confirmation_token :string
# confirmed_at :datetime
# confirmation_sent_at :datetime
# unconfirmed_email :string
# locale :string
# encrypted_otp_secret :string
# encrypted_otp_secret_iv :string
# encrypted_otp_secret_salt :string
# consumed_timestep :integer
# otp_required_for_login :boolean default(FALSE), not null
# last_emailed_at :datetime
# otp_backup_codes :string is an Array
# filtered_languages :string default([]), not null, is an Array
# account_id :bigint(8) not null
# disabled :boolean default(FALSE), not null
# moderator :boolean default(FALSE), not null
# invite_id :bigint(8)
# chosen_languages :string is an Array
# created_by_application_id :bigint(8)
# approved :boolean default(TRUE), not null
# sign_in_token :string
# sign_in_token_sent_at :datetime
# webauthn_id :string
# sign_up_ip :inet
# skip_sign_in_token :boolean
#
class User < ApplicationRecord
self.ignored_columns = %w(
remember_created_at
remember_token
current_sign_in_ip
last_sign_in_ip
)
include Settings::Extend
include UserRoles
# The home and list feeds will be stored in Redis for this amount
# of time, and status fan-out to followers will include only people
# within this time frame. Lowering the duration may improve performance
# if lots of people sign up, but not a lot of them check their feed
# every day. Raising the duration reduces the amount of expensive
# RegenerationWorker jobs that need to be run when those people come
# to check their feed
ACTIVE_DURATION = ENV.fetch('USER_ACTIVE_DAYS', 7).to_i.days.freeze
devise :two_factor_authenticatable,
otp_secret_encryption_key: Rails.configuration.x.otp_secret
devise :two_factor_backupable,
otp_number_of_backup_codes: 10
devise :registerable, :recoverable, :validatable,
:confirmable
include Omniauthable
include PamAuthenticable
include LdapAuthenticable
belongs_to :account, inverse_of: :user
belongs_to :invite, counter_cache: :uses, optional: true
belongs_to :created_by_application, class_name: 'Doorkeeper::Application', optional: true
accepts_nested_attributes_for :account
has_many :applications, class_name: 'Doorkeeper::Application', as: :owner
has_many :backups, inverse_of: :user
has_many :invites, inverse_of: :user
has_many :markers, inverse_of: :user, dependent: :destroy
has_many :webauthn_credentials, dependent: :destroy
has_many :ips, class_name: 'UserIp', inverse_of: :user
has_one :invite_request, class_name: 'UserInviteRequest', inverse_of: :user, dependent: :destroy
accepts_nested_attributes_for :invite_request, reject_if: ->(attributes) { attributes['text'].blank? && !Setting.require_invite_text }
validates :invite_request, presence: true, on: :create, if: :invite_text_required?
validates :locale, inclusion: I18n.available_locales.map(&:to_s), if: :locale?
validates_with BlacklistedEmailValidator, if: -> { !confirmed? }
validates_with EmailMxValidator, if: :validate_email_dns?
validates :agreement, acceptance: { allow_nil: false, accept: [true, 'true', '1'] }, on: :create
# Honeypot/anti-spam fields
attr_accessor :registration_form_time, :website, :confirm_password
validates_with RegistrationFormTimeValidator, on: :create
validates :website, absence: true, on: :create
validates :confirm_password, absence: true, on: :create
scope :recent, -> { order(id: :desc) }
scope :pending, -> { where(approved: false) }
scope :approved, -> { where(approved: true) }
scope :confirmed, -> { where.not(confirmed_at: nil) }
scope :enabled, -> { where(disabled: false) }
scope :disabled, -> { where(disabled: true) }
scope :inactive, -> { where(arel_table[:current_sign_in_at].lt(ACTIVE_DURATION.ago)) }
scope :active, -> { confirmed.where(arel_table[:current_sign_in_at].gteq(ACTIVE_DURATION.ago)).joins(:account).where(accounts: { suspended_at: nil }) }
scope :matches_email, ->(value) { where(arel_table[:email].matches("#{value}%")) }
scope :matches_ip, ->(value) { left_joins(:ips).where('user_ips.ip <<= ?', value).group('users.id') }
scope :emailable, -> { confirmed.enabled.joins(:account).merge(Account.searchable) }
before_validation :sanitize_languages
before_create :set_approved
after_commit :send_pending_devise_notifications
# This avoids a deprecation warning from Rails 5.1
# It seems possible that a future release of devise-two-factor will
# handle this itself, and this can be removed from our User class.
attribute :otp_secret
has_many :session_activations, dependent: :destroy
delegate :auto_play_gif, :default_sensitive, :unfollow_modal, :boost_modal, :favourite_modal, :delete_modal,
:reduce_motion, :system_font_ui, :noindex, :flavour, :skin, :display_media, :hide_followers_count,
:expand_spoilers, :default_language, :aggregate_reblogs, :show_application,
:advanced_layout, :use_blurhash, :use_pending_items, :trends, :crop_images,
:disable_swiping, :default_content_type, :system_emoji_font,
to: :settings, prefix: :setting, allow_nil: false
attr_reader :invite_code, :sign_in_token_attempt
attr_writer :external, :bypass_invite_request_check
def confirmed?
confirmed_at.present?
end
def invited?
invite_id.present?
end
def valid_invitation?
invite_id.present? && invite.valid_for_use?
end
def disable!
update!(disabled: true)
end
def enable!
update!(disabled: false)
end
def confirm
new_user = !confirmed?
self.approved = true if open_registrations? && !sign_up_from_ip_requires_approval?
super
if new_user && approved?
prepare_new_user!
elsif new_user
notify_staff_about_pending_account!
end
end
def confirm!
new_user = !confirmed?
self.approved = true if open_registrations?
skip_confirmation!
save!
prepare_new_user! if new_user && approved?
end
def update_sign_in!(new_sign_in: false)
old_current, new_current = current_sign_in_at, Time.now.utc
self.last_sign_in_at = old_current || new_current
self.current_sign_in_at = new_current
if new_sign_in
self.sign_in_count ||= 0
self.sign_in_count += 1
end
save(validate: false) unless new_record?
prepare_returning_user!
end
def pending?
!approved?
end
def active_for_authentication?
!account.memorial?
end
def suspicious_sign_in?(ip)
!otp_required_for_login? && !skip_sign_in_token? && current_sign_in_at.present? && !ips.where(ip: ip).exists?
end
def functional?
confirmed? && approved? && !disabled? && !account.suspended? && !account.memorial?
end
def unconfirmed?
!confirmed?
end
def unconfirmed_or_pending?
unconfirmed? || pending?
end
def inactive_message
!approved? ? :pending : super
end
def approve!
return if approved?
update!(approved: true)
prepare_new_user!
end
def otp_enabled?
otp_required_for_login
end
def webauthn_enabled?
webauthn_credentials.any?
end
def two_factor_enabled?
otp_required_for_login? || webauthn_credentials.any?
end
def disable_two_factor!
self.otp_required_for_login = false
self.otp_secret = nil
otp_backup_codes&.clear
webauthn_credentials.destroy_all if webauthn_enabled?
save!
end
def preferred_posting_language
settings.default_language || locale
end
def setting_default_privacy
settings.default_privacy || (account.locked? ? 'private' : 'public')
end
def allows_digest_emails?
settings.notification_emails['digest']
end
def allows_report_emails?
settings.notification_emails['report']
end
def allows_pending_account_emails?
settings.notification_emails['pending_account']
end
def allows_appeal_emails?
settings.notification_emails['appeal']
end
def allows_trending_tags_review_emails?
settings.notification_emails['trending_tag']
end
def allows_trending_links_review_emails?
settings.notification_emails['trending_link']
end
def allows_trending_statuses_review_emails?
settings.notification_emails['trending_status']
end
def aggregates_reblogs?
@aggregates_reblogs ||= settings.aggregate_reblogs
end
def shows_application?
@shows_application ||= settings.show_application
end
def token_for_app(app)
return nil if app.nil? || app.owner != self
Doorkeeper::AccessToken.find_or_create_by(application_id: app.id, resource_owner_id: id) do |t|
t.scopes = app.scopes
t.expires_in = Doorkeeper.configuration.access_token_expires_in
t.use_refresh_token = Doorkeeper.configuration.refresh_token_enabled?
end
end
def activate_session(request)
session_activations.activate(
session_id: SecureRandom.hex,
user_agent: request.user_agent,
ip: request.remote_ip
).session_id
end
def clear_other_sessions(id)
session_activations.exclusive(id)
end
def web_push_subscription(session)
session.web_push_subscription.nil? ? nil : session.web_push_subscription
end
def invite_code=(code)
self.invite = Invite.find_by(code: code) if code.present?
@invite_code = code
end
def password_required?
return false if external?
super
end
def external_or_valid_password?(compare_password)
# If encrypted_password is blank, we got the user from LDAP or PAM,
# so credentials are already valid
encrypted_password.blank? || valid_password?(compare_password)
end
def send_reset_password_instructions
return false if encrypted_password.blank?
super
end
def reset_password(new_password, new_password_confirmation)
return false if encrypted_password.blank?
super
end
def reset_password!
# First, change password to something random and deactivate all sessions
transaction do
update(password: SecureRandom.hex)
session_activations.destroy_all
end
# Then, remove all authorized applications and connected push subscriptions
Doorkeeper::AccessGrant.by_resource_owner(self).in_batches.update_all(revoked_at: Time.now.utc)
Doorkeeper::AccessToken.by_resource_owner(self).in_batches do |batch|
batch.update_all(revoked_at: Time.now.utc)
Web::PushSubscription.where(access_token_id: batch).delete_all
end
# Finally, send a reset password prompt to the user
send_reset_password_instructions
end
def show_all_media?
setting_display_media == 'show_all'
end
def hide_all_media?
setting_display_media == 'hide_all'
end
def sign_in_token_expired?
sign_in_token_sent_at.nil? || sign_in_token_sent_at < 5.minutes.ago
end
def generate_sign_in_token
self.sign_in_token = Devise.friendly_token(6)
self.sign_in_token_sent_at = Time.now.utc
end
protected
def send_devise_notification(notification, *args, **kwargs)
# This method can be called in `after_update` and `after_commit` hooks,
# but we must make sure the mailer is actually called *after* commit,
# otherwise it may work on stale data. To do this, figure out if we are
# within a transaction.
# It seems like devise sends keyword arguments as a hash in the last
# positional argument
kwargs = args.pop if args.last.is_a?(Hash) && kwargs.empty?
if ActiveRecord::Base.connection.current_transaction.try(:records)&.include?(self)
pending_devise_notifications << [notification, args, kwargs]
else
render_and_send_devise_message(notification, *args, **kwargs)
end
end
private
def send_pending_devise_notifications
pending_devise_notifications.each do |notification, args, kwargs|
render_and_send_devise_message(notification, *args, **kwargs)
end
# Empty the pending notifications array because the
# after_commit hook can be called multiple times which
# could cause multiple emails to be sent.
pending_devise_notifications.clear
end
def pending_devise_notifications
@pending_devise_notifications ||= []
end
def render_and_send_devise_message(notification, *args, **kwargs)
devise_mailer.send(notification, self, *args, **kwargs).deliver_later
end
def set_approved
self.approved = begin
if sign_up_from_ip_requires_approval?
false
else
open_registrations? || valid_invitation? || external?
end
end
end
def sign_up_from_ip_requires_approval?
!sign_up_ip.nil? && IpBlock.where(severity: :sign_up_requires_approval).where('ip >>= ?', sign_up_ip.to_s).exists?
end
def open_registrations?
Setting.registrations_mode == 'open'
end
def external?
!!@external
end
def bypass_invite_request_check?
@bypass_invite_request_check
end
def sanitize_languages
return if chosen_languages.nil?
chosen_languages.reject!(&:blank?)
self.chosen_languages = nil if chosen_languages.empty?
end
def prepare_new_user!
BootstrapTimelineWorker.perform_async(account_id)
ActivityTracker.increment('activity:accounts:local')
UserMailer.welcome(self).deliver_later
end
def prepare_returning_user!
ActivityTracker.record('activity:logins', id)
regenerate_feed! if needs_feed_update?
end
def notify_staff_about_pending_account!
User.staff.includes(:account).find_each do |u|
next unless u.allows_pending_account_emails?
AdminMailer.new_pending_account(u.account, self).deliver_later
end
end
def regenerate_feed!
RegenerationWorker.perform_async(account_id) if Redis.current.set("account:#{account_id}:regeneration", true, nx: true, ex: 1.day.seconds)
end
def needs_feed_update?
last_sign_in_at < ACTIVE_DURATION.ago
end
def validate_email_dns?
email_changed? && !external? && !(Rails.env.test? || Rails.env.development?)
end
def invite_text_required?
Setting.require_invite_text && !invited? && !external? && !bypass_invite_request_check?
end
end